Dharchula is a town that is located in the Pithoragarh district of the state of Uttarakhand. It is a small and remote place and it is located along an ancient trade route through the Himalayan Mountains. The town is completely surrounded by hills on all sides and the views are breathtaking views of the grand Himalayan peaks. Culturally, Dharchula has huge significance as it is the meeting ground of the Shauka, Nepalese and Kumaoni during the Jauljibi International Mela. The fair is held every year in November at the confluence of the Kali and Gori rivers near Dharchula.
This place was an ancient trading town on the Trans-Himalayan trade routes. Trade was based on the barter system and was the only source of income for the inhabitants of Dharchula. Local handicrafts like carpets which are known here as ‘dan’, were exchanged with the Tibetans for food and clothing.
The best time to visit Dharchula is between the months of March and June and again between September and December. Summers are pleasant, whereas the winters are cold and blessed with snowfall.
The climatic conditions have allowed the vegetation of the region to thrive. Trees of oak, pine, apple, and deodar are common. Wild animals like leopards, bears, foxes, monkeys, and deer make up the animal kingdom of the region.
Nepal has a district with a similar name, Darchula District, across the river Mahakali, which acts as the natural border between India and Nepal over a long stretch.
After the Indo-China War in 1962, all trading ties with the Tibetans came to a stop which caused innumerable hardships to the people of Dharchula. Dharchula is considered strategically sensitive as it is situated on the Indo-Nepal border and separated from its Nepalese twin by the River Kali. Dharchula shares its borders with both Nepal and China. Visiting the Nepali town of Dharchula makes for one of the best excursions.
Trekking, of course, is the major adventure activity that can be enjoyed here.
Trek From Dharchula
Om Parvat- The Om Parvat trek ranges from 2,200 m to 4,752 m in elevation and represents one challenging trek in the Kumaon Himalayas region that quakes the soul of several trekkers. Your pilgrimage to Om Parvat starts from Dharchula, which is a 12-hour Jeep ride from Kathgodam. It is at the subdivisional town of Dharchula where you need to get your medical tests done and obtain the Inner Line Permit before you can start trekking toward Adi Kailash.
Adi Kailash- Adi Kailash (4770 M) also known as Chhota Kailash is an area of great natural beauty, peace, and serenity. It lies on the main route that is followed for Kailash Mansarovar yatra. Adi Kailash is an ancient holy place in the Himalayan Range, close to the Indo-Tibetan border. This journey takes the mind and soul into the heartland of awe-inspiring natural beauty and splendor.
Trek Region: Uttarakhand (Kumaun) Himalayas INDIA
Total Duration: 17Days
Trekking days: 12
Trek grade: Challenging One-way trek: Kms
Max altitude: 3800 m